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Tag: Governance

Poverty and Livelihood: Livelihood Transformation and the Widening of Rural-Urban Disparity ?>

Poverty and Livelihood: Livelihood Transformation and the Widening of Rural-Urban Disparity

Dilip Kumar Saha Abstract: Settlements in most parts of the world are differentiated on the basis of population, occupation, social infrastructure or amenities and consumption patterns. In India the classification of settlements is done by the census organizations as rural and urban. This rural urban dichotomy in India like other developing countries is related to the agricultural-industrial dichotomy. Today the world is transforming rapidly and as rural areas get connected by network communication, rural areas are getting transformed rapidly with…

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India after Independence: Challenges and Issues ?>

India after Independence: Challenges and Issues

Aynal Hoque Abstract: India is an independent country since August 15, 1947. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India, a sovereign secular democratic country. Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation accepted no office of India. India has a Hindu majority, a large Muslim minority, and numerous other religious minorities also. From 1950s to 1980 India followed socialist-inspired policies. Beginning in 1991 the significant economic reforms have transferred India into the third largest and one of…

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